FUNdamental Ideas in Math for Grades PreK-12

Harold Reiter, Mathematics and Statistics, UNC Charlotte

“For more than a decade, research studies of mathematics education in high-performing countries have concluded that mathematics education in the United States must become substantially more focused and coherent in order to improve mathematics achievement in this country. To deliver on this promise, the Common Core mathematics standards are designed to address the problem of a curriculum that is ‘a mile wide and an inch deep.’” See

There are two types of standards, Content Standards and Process Standards. The Content Standards comprise a checklist by grade of topics that should be learned. The Process Standards is a list that describes varieties of expertise that mathematics educators at all levels should seek to develop in their students: MP1 Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them; MP2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively; MP3 Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others; MP4 Model with mathematics; MP5 Use appropriate tools strategically; MP6 Attend to precision; MP7 Look for and make use of structure; and MP8 Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.

This seminar aims to help Fellows feel comfortable with and develop ideas that enable students to embrace these standards. We start with some very fundamental concepts: whole numbers, fractions and decimals. We’ll spend some time building with wooden cubes and with ZomeTools, and counting various configurations of these structures. We’ll work lots of puzzles including KenKen and Soma Cubes and see how they help students to embrace the process standards above.

Teachers and students should not be afraid of confusion. It is a natural part of learning. We’ll talk repeatedly about how we can learn to tolerate confusion.